Australia's Election: What You Need To Know

Australia is heading to elections on July 2 in a federal election to determine all 226 members (150 in House of Representatives, 76 in Senate) of the 45th Parliament of Australia, after an extended eight-week official campaign period.

It is the first double dissolution since the 1987 election.

Seeking a second term for his Liberal-National coalition, Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull says he’s best-placed to create new growth drivers through innovation and tap into growing Chinese demand for Australian services such as tourism and education.

The coalition holds 90 out of 150 seats in the House.

Turnbull, 61, also wants to draw a line under almost a decade of unprecedented political instability that’s seen Australia churn through six prime ministers since 2007. The former investment banker is being challenged by one-time trade union leader Bill Shorten, 49, who leads the main opposition Labor party.

What’s at stake

The coalition and Labor have fought the eight-week campaign in the political center. Turnbull is pledging company tax cuts and tweaks to the nation’s retirement savings system. Shorten is promising more spending on education and health, an inquiry into the integrity of the banking system, and to remove tax perks for landlords that have seen home prices surge out of reach of many Australians.

Australia in numbers

50,000: The number of jobs National Australia Bank Ltd. forecasts the mining industry will lose as the resources boom continues to unwind. Most of those losses will come in Western Australia, whose unemployment rate is forecast to rise past the national average next year. 

$52: The price of iron ore per metric ton. The steelmaking ingredient, the nation’s biggest export, has plunged 73 percent since February 2011 amid a slowdown in demand from China, placing pressure on Australia’s tax revenues. Services exports are starting to pick up the slack, outpacing metal ores and minerals since December.

79 percent: The surge in the Sydney house price index since the end of 2008, which has helped underpin growth in the state of New South Wales. In Perth, the capital of Western Australia, values climbed only 18 percent in the same period, and have dropped 4.5 percent since the end of 2014 as the mining boom waned.

18.9 percent: The record level that Australia’s net debt to GDP ratio is forecast to reach in the year to June 30, 2017.

76: The number of seats in the 150-member lower house needed to form majority government. Labor, which won 55 seats in the 2013 election, has a mountain to climb to win office, while the coalition has a comfortable buffer at 90. Opinion polls indicate Turnbull is likely to be re-elected, albeit with a reduced majority.

The Men Who Would Be Prime Minister

Malcolm Turnbull

The nation’s 29th prime minister has worked as a journalist, was legal counsel to billionaire media mogul Kerry Packer, defeated the British government in the Spycatcher case, and built a personal fortune as an investment banker. After leading the failed campaign for Australia to become a republic in the late 1990s, Turnbull entered parliament in 2004, led the Liberal Party in opposition for a little over a year and served as communications minister before successfully challenging Tony Abbott for the leadership last September.

Bill Shorten

The son of an English waterside worker, Melbourne-born Shorten was drawn into Labor politics as a university student and headed the powerful Australian Workers’ Union. After entering parliament in 2007, Shorten held portfolios including minister for education, workplace relations and financial services. He was a seen as a kingmaker amid the chaos that saw the leadership switch from Kevin Rudd to Julia Gillard and back again. Shorten became opposition leader after Labor lost the 2013 election.

(With inputs from Bloomberg)

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